Our Best Services
General Orthopedic Treatment
Complex Trauma Treatment
Sports Injury Treatment
Spine Surgery Treatment
Arthritis Clinic Treatment
Joint Replacement Surgeries
Key Hole Arthroscopy Surgeries
Pediatric Deformity Correction Treatment
Cervical Traction Treatment
Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) Treatment
Digital X-ray Service
Orthopaedics is the medical specialty that focuses on injuries and diseases of your body's musculoskeletal system. This complex system, which includes your bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and nerves, allows you to move, work, and be active.
Once devoted to the care of children with spine and limb deformities, orthopaedists now care for patients of all ages, from newborns with clubfeet to young athletes requiring arthroscopic surgery to older people with arthritis. And anybody can break a bone
Orthopaedic surgeons treat problems of the musculoskeletal system. This involves:
- Diagnosis of your injury or disorder
- Treatment with medication, exercise, casting, surgery or other options
- Rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function
- Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of disease
While orthopaedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopaedists specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, spine, shoulder, hand, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields like pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine. Some orthopaedic surgeons may specialize in several areas.
Trauma is most often associated with a traumatising event or experience, such as wars or accidents or violence, that causes extreme distress – and the effects of that experience can continue to haunt and torment the individual for months and years later.
However, there are other forms of trauma, where symptoms can be just as distressing and life-altering as single-event trauma. Complex trauma, or c-ptsd, can occur when an individual has been exposed over a period of time to persistent abuse, neglect, violence or abandonment, especially as a child. The person may have experienced multiple traumas, and the c-ptsd is often worse when the perpetrator was someone close to the child.
Causes of complex trauma
The causes of complex trauma, like most mental health conditions, are on a spectrum and range in severity and duration. A person with complex trauma may have been physically or sexually abused by a parent or relative over a number of years. They may have been the victim of sustained domestic violence. Often complex trauma can develop when the person felt overwhelmed, frozen with fear, and unable to escape – and this happened on a regular basis.
The causes of complex trauma can also be subtle. It could be that the child wasn’t given attention because the parents were busy or emotionally unavailable. The lack of being seen and heard for who you truly are, and the pain of not having your early needs met, can also be a factor leading to c-ptsd.
Different sports injuries produce different symptoms and complications. The most common types of sports injuries include:
- Sprains- Overstretching or tearing the ligaments results in a sprain. Ligaments are pieces of tissue that connect two bones to one another in a joint.
- Strains- Overstretching or tearing muscles or tendons results in a sprain. Tendons are thick, fibrous cords of tissue that connect bone to muscle. Strains are commonly mistaken for sprains. Here’s how tell them apart.
- Knee injuries- Any injury that interferes with how the knee joint moves could be a sports injury. It could range from an overstretch to a tear in the muscles or tissues in the knee.
- Swollen muscles- Swelling is a natural reaction to an injury. Swollen muscles may also be painful and weak.
- Achilles tendon rupture- The Achilles tendon is a thin, powerful tendon at the back of your ankle. During sports, this tendon can break or rupture. When it does, you may experience sudden, severe pain and difficulty walking.
- Fractures- Bone fractures are also known as broken bones.
- Dislocations- Sports injuries may dislocate a bone in your body. When that happens, a bone is forced out of its socket. This can be painful and lead to swelling and weakness.
- Rotator cuff injury- Four pieces of muscle work together to form the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff keeps your shoulder moving in all directions. A tear in any of these muscles can weaken the rotator cuff.
f you’ve struggled with back pain for any length of time, you may be wondering if spine surgery is your only treatment option. Sometimes, surgery is the only treatment. However, there’s good news. The vast majority of back problems can be remedied with non-surgical treatments—often referred to as non-surgical or conservative therapies.
Aging, improper body mechanics, trauma and structural abnormalities can injure your spine, leading to back pain and other symptoms such as leg pain and/or numbness or even leg weakness. Chronic back pain is a condition that generally requires a team of health professionals to diagnose and treat. Before resigning yourself to surgery, consider getting opinions from several spine specialists. This investment of time and information-gathering will help you make an informed treatment decision that will best support your lifestyle and desired level of physical activity.
Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery is typically recommended for patients with advanced end stage joint disease (usually of the knee or the hip) who have tried non-surgical treatment, but still experience functional decline and disabling pain. Joint replacement is an extremely effective surgery when done at the right time and indication.
Modern joint replacement surgery involves removal of the worn cartilage from both sides of the joint, followed by resurfacing of the joint with a metal and plastic replacement implant that looks and functions much like your normal joint. Although nearly every joint in the body can be replaced, most replacement surgeries involve the hip or knee.
Over the last 30 years, improved surgical techniques and new implant materials have been developed, making total joint replacement one of the most reliable and durable procedures in any area of medicine.
Key Hole Arthroscopy Surgery
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure orthopaedic surgeons use to visualize, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint. The word arthroscopy comes from two Greek words, "arthro" (joint) and "skopein" (to look). The term literally means "to look within the joint."
In an arthroscopic examination, an orthopaedic surgeon makes a small incision in the patient's skin and then inserts pencil-sized instruments that contain a small lens and lighting system to magnify and illuminate the structures inside the joint. Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint.
By attaching the arthroscope to a miniature television camera, the surgeon is able to see the interior of the joint through this very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery.
The television camera attached to the arthroscope displays the image of the joint on a television screen, allowing the surgeon to look, for example, throughout the knee. This lets the surgeon see the cartilage, ligaments, and under the kneecap. The surgeon can determine the amount or type of injury and then repair or correct the problem, if it is necessary.
Pediatric Deformity Correction
Pediatric limb deformity and limb length issues truly represent the differences of pediatric orthopaedics from its adult counterpart. To understand pediatric deformity and limb length issues requires the understanding of growth and development of children’s bones. To help sort out this broad topic, it helps to break down the deformity and limb length issues into their most common causes.
Congenital: there are certain types of abnormalities that a child may be born with leading to different limb lengths. The three most common of these include congenital femoral deficiency, fibular deficiency, and/or tibial deficiency. These deficiencies can lead to major differences in limb lengths.
Trauma: if a child breaks a bone through a growing center (physis), he/she may be at risk for a limb length difference. Two of the more common types of trauma leading to limb length differences are breaks through the bottom (distal) growth area of the femur bone or the top (proximal) growth area of the tibia bone.
Infection: If a child suffers an infection in a bone or joint, especially when he/she is very young, there is a chance that the growth area itself may become damaged and may not grow properly, or the body’s reaction to the infection can cause the bone to overgrow and become longer than the other side.
Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
Osteoarthritis causes cartilage — the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint — to break down. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease in which the immune system attacks the joints, beginning with the lining of joints.
Uric acid crystals, which form when there's too much uric acid in your blood, can cause gout. Infections or underlying disease, such as psoriasis or lupus, can cause other types of arthritis
Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goals of arthritis treatments are to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
Traction of the spine, known as cervical traction, is a popular treatment for neck pain and related injuries. Essentially, cervical traction pulls your head away from your neck to create expansion and eliminate compression. It’s considered to be an alternative treatment for neck pain, helping people avoid the need for medication or surgeries. It can be used as part of a physical therapy treatment or on your own at home.
Cervical traction devices lightly stretch the neck to reduce pressure on the spine by pulling or separating the vertebrae. It’s said to be both highly effective and fast-acting. Read on to learn more about this technique and how it can be of benefit to you
Short Wave Diathermy (SWD)
Short Wave Diathermy (SWD) is a treatment that uses electromagnetic energy to produce deep heating in joints and soft tissues. This form of heat can be applied to deeper structures than other forms of heat treatment. Thus SWD can effectively relieve joint pain, improve soft tissue healing and decrease the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Best Health Physiotherapists are knowledgeable and experienced in the appropriate application of SWD